Varicose veins are the large , swollen veins that can be seen on the legs and feet . The term commonly refers to the disease of the legs. In this disease the veins become enlarged , swollen , dilated and over filled with blood. It typically appears swollen and bluish-purple in color.  Lets know more about it. 

What are the Causes of Varicose Veins ?

The main causes for Varicose veins are -

  • Preganacy
  • Menopause
  • Standing for long period of time
  • Obesity
  • Age over 50 
  • Hereditary

What are the Symptoms of Varicose Veins ?

  • Highly visible veins
  • Misshapen veins
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Heavyness
  • Achiness over or around the enlarged veins
  • Discoloration ( in some cases )

How to Diagnose Varicose Veins ?

  • Ultrasound to check blood flow
  • Venogram by injecting special dye into the legs and X ray will be taken. 

Ultrasound and Venogram also detects if the blood clot occurs or not. 

How we can Prevent Varicose Veins ?

  • Avoid Prolong Standing 
  • Loose weight or maintain healthy weight
  • Exercise to improve blood circulation
  • Use compression socks.

What are the treatment for Varicose Veins ?

  • Surgery
  • Sclerotherapy
  • Microsclerotherapy
  • Laser surgery
  • Endoscopic vein surgery
  • Endovenous ablation therapy

Varicose veins becomes worse over time . The patients are advised to go for a treatment and use preventions to avoid the problems.