Arthritis (Latin - inflammation of the joint) is a disease that is extremely common among people after 40 years of age, but today there are rare types of arthritis, which are typical for childhood and adolescence.
What is the cause of the development of the disease, how to recognize its symptoms in time and choose the most effective method of treatment?
Many people do not see the difference between arthritis and arthrosis, although these are two fundamentally different joint diseases.
Osteoarthritis is an age-related chronic degenerative disease in which the joints are deformed, it is manifested by pain in the daytime and during movement; arthritis - the result of inflammatory processes of the whole body, leading to acute pain in the joints, mainly at night and regardless of movements. In this case, arthrosis in a number of cases is a complication of neglected arthritis.
Arthritis can develop slowly and gradually (chronic forms) or suddenly and sharply (acute forms). Often arthritis is accompanied by a febrile condition. Arthritis always exhibits joint pain, but their presence is by no means always a sign of arthritis.
Causes, symptoms and possible consequences of arthritis -
Until now, medical studies have not established all the causes of existing types of arthritis, and the causes of certain types of disease and do remain a mystery, for example, psoriatic arthritis. Nevertheless, most of them are still known:
- Bacterial, viral or fungal infections (reactive arthritis, infectious arthritis);
- Metabolic disorders (gout); Failures in the immune system, which can also have an infectious-allergic nature, for example, after the flu (rheumatoid arthritis);
- Disturbances in the hormonal system;
- Diseases of the nervous system (rheumatoid arthritis);
- Overcooling and trauma (osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis);
- Systemic malnutrition and deficiency of vitamins and microelements (dystrophic arthritis).
Each type of arthritis has its own reason, the elimination of which must be directed to the main treatment. Symptoms of arthritis may also differ depending on the form of the disease and its type, but joint pain is the inevitable companion of any arthritis. So, the symptoms of arthritis are:
- Intensive and / or twitching pain in the affected joint, which increases at night in a fixed position of the body;
- Swelling and swelling in the joint;
- Redness of the skin in the joint region;
- Increase in temperature at the site of joint damage up to 40 o C;
- Disturbance of motor function of the joint, stiffness;
- Weakness in the body and weight loss.
Weakness in the body and weight loss. The main consequences, or complications, of arthritis neglected in relation to the joint are sepsis, that is purulent inflammation of the synovial joint bag, or arthrosis - the destruction and / or deformation of the joint. The consequences of a number of arthritis can be the damage to some internal organs, most often the kidneys, bladder, liver and heart.
Treatment of Arthritis :
Proper treatment of arthritis is always complex, long-lasting and systematic. It should be aimed at eliminating the cause of arthritis, removing the pain syndrome and the inflammatory process. In this case, depending on the form, type and degree of arthritis, a prognosis for cure is put, which in some cases may be disappointing .
The classical scheme of treatment of arthritis of any etiology includes:
- The administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) intravenously, intramuscularly or intraarticularly, in addition, ointments can be used;
- The use of glucocorticosteroids (hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs) in the form of intraarticular injections;
- The intake of muscle relaxants for the removal of muscle spasms, which appear against the background of joint pains, and sometimes - anticonvulsants;
- The use of antidepressants in the development of arthritis against a background of stress;
- Local injection of anesthetics into trigger zones (pain points);
- The appointment of gastroprotectors and proton pump inhibitors, for example, omeprazole, to protect the gastrointestinal tract from the irritant effect of NSAIDs;
- Reception of chondroprotectors, means improving the quality of the cartilaginous tissue of the joint - chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine - up to 6 months, and rejection of them if progress in treatment for them during this period was not noticed;
- The use of vitamins (A, E, C, B1, B3, B6, B12), trace elements (molybdenum, selenium, sulfur, zinc, copper, manganese) and amino acids (arginine, methionine);
- Change of the regimes of loads on the joints with the use of bandages, orthoses, orthopedic insoles;
- Changing the diet in accordance with the diagnosed type of arthritis is a medical diet;
- Exercise therapy and manual therapy aimed at restoring the natural biomechanics of the joints and preventing stagnation in the joints, dystrophy of the periarticular ligaments and muscles;
- Courses of various kinds of physiotherapy: laser, magnetic, electropulse, shock wave therapy.
The above principles of treatment of various arthritis can be successfully supplemented, and in some cases replaced by modern homeopathic methods and preparations.